Tag Archives: Victorian era

The filth and noise of the crowded streets soon destroy the elasticity of health which belongs to the country boy.

The great filth : the war against disease in Victorian England  Stephen Halliday  Stroud, Gloucestershire : Sutton, 2007  Hardcover. 1st ed. and printing. 249 p. : ill., ports. 24 cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. [238]-243) and index. Clean, tight and strong binding with clean dust jacket. No highlighting, underlining or marginalia in text. VG/VG

When Victoria ascended the throne in 1837 London was already the largest metropolis in the world with a population of nearly 2 million, but most of her subjects were still country-dwellers. By the end of the century London had grown sixfold, and 80% of Britons lived in towns or cities.


In large part the story of 19th-century England is the story of the city. Early Victorian cities struggled to manage themselves with a public infrastructure that had changed little since Elizabethan times. There was no regular income tax. The government’s role in matters of sanitation, water supply or public health was barely recognised. While 15% of all children could expect to die before their first birthday, urban children were far worse off than their country cousins. Figures published in the Lancet in 1843 showed that the life expectancy of a labourer in rural Rutland was 38, while in Liverpool it was just 15.

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Romance and novel paint beauty in colors more charming than nature, and describe a happiness that humans never taste. How deceptive and destructive are those pictures of consummate bliss! Oliver Goldsmith

To believe most things said in a love letter is akin to believing a politician’s promise – it paints a picture of a mind that has abandoned reason in favor of hope and even in the context of theology we are able to believe, and thus hope, because we are rational.

The story is told of Harry Truman finding Bess at the fireplace burning letters. On further inquiry it turned out she was burning his love letters to her. Think of history!,  he exclaimed. I am, she answered calmly and continued to feed the fire. Truman may have been the last president of Victorian sensibilities and was certainly one of the last who could, or did, write letters worth reading but like civilized men everywhere he knew when to draw the curtain.

There is something of the voyeur in reading other’s letters and the more intimate the correspondence the more egregious the offense. When I was a boy my parents had some 78 rpm records at the back of their closet that I used to enjoy. One day I found a record my dad had made while in San Diego waiting to ship out to the Pacific. When I showed it to my mother she said I could not listen to it because he had some personal things to say to her on it. I have respected that request all of my life and even though I am currently writing a book using family correspondence that evidence shall remain unexplored.

I suppose reading this book is a harmless vice but I would be very careful and believe none of what I read and only half of what I see.

Searching the heart: women, men, and romantic love in  nineteenth-century America New York: Oxford University Press, 1989 Karen  Lystra Courtship United States History 19th century Hardcover. 1st. ed. and  printing. ix, 336 p.; 25 cm. Includes bibliographies and index. Clean, tight  and strong binding with clean dust jacket. No highlighting, underlining or  marginalia in text. VG/VG

In January 1862, Charles Godwin courted Harriet Russell, ultimately unsuccessfully, with the following lines: “Like cadences of inexpressibly sweet music, your kind words came to me: causing every nerve to vibrate as though electrified by some far off strain of heavenly harmony.” Almost ten years later, Albert Janin, upon receiving a letter from his beloved Violet Blair, responded with, “I kissed your letter over and over again, regardless of the small-pox epidemic at New York, and gave myself up to a carnival of bliss before breaking the envelope.” And in October 1883, Dorothea Lummis wrote candidly to her husband Charles, “I like you to want me, dear, and if I were only with you, I would embrace more than the back of your neck, be sure.”

In Karen Lystra’s, Searching the Heart, we hear the voices of Charles, Albert, Dorothea, and nearly one hundred other nineteenth-century Americans emerge from their surprisingly open, intimate, and emotional love letters. While historians of nineteenth-century America have explored a host of private topics, including courtship, marriage, birth control, sexuality, and sex roles, they have consistently neglected the study of romantic love. Lystra fills this gap by describing in vivid detail what it meant to fall in love in Victorian America.

Based on a vast array of love letters, the book reveals the existence of a real openness – even playfulness – between male and female lovers which challenges and expands more traditional views of middle-class private life in Victorian America. Lystra refutes the common belief that Victorian men and women held passionlessness as an ideal in their romantic relationships. Enabling us to enter the hidden world of Victorian lovers, the letters they left behind offer genuine proof of the intensity of their most private interactions, feelings, behaviors, and judgments.

Lystra discusses how Victorians anthropomorphized love letters, treating them as actual visits from their lovers, insisting on reading them in seclusion, sometimes kissing them (as Albert does with Violet’s), and even taking them to bed. She also explores how courtship rituals – which included the setting and passing of tests of love – succeeded in building unique, emotional bonds between lovers, and how middle-class views of romantic love, which encouraged sharing knowledge and intimacy, gave women more power in the home. Through the medium of love letters, Searching the Heart allows us to enter, unnoticed, the Victorian bedroom and parlor and we leave with a different view of middle-class Victorian America.

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Posterity will do justice to that unprincipled maniac Gladstonean extraordinary mixture of envy, vindictiveness, hypocrisy and superstition and with one commanding characteristic.Whether Prime Minister or Leader of the Opposition, whether preaching, praying, speechifying, or scribbling never a gentleman.He is so vain that he wants to figure in history as the settler of all the great questions; but a parliamentary Constitution is not favourable to such ambitions. Things must be done by parties, not by persons using parties as tools… Benjamin Disraeli

The lion and the unicorn : Gladstone vs Disraeli New York : W.W. Norton, 2007      Richard Aldous Great Britain Politics and government 1837-1901 Hardcover. 1st American ed. and printing. xv, 368 p. : ill. ; 25 cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. Clean, tight and strong binding with clean dust jacket. No highlighting, underlining or marginalia in text. VG/VG

The vicious political struggle that electrified Victorian society, brilliantly re-created for a new generation.

William Gladstone and Benjamin Disraeli were the fiercest political rivals of the nineteenth century. Their intense mutual hatred was both ideologically driven and deeply personal. Their vitriolic duels, carried out over decades, lend profound insight into the social and political currents that dominated Victorian England.

To Disraeli – a legendary dandy descended from Sephardic Jews – his antagonist was an “unprincipled maniac” characterized by an “extraordinary mixture of envy, vindictiveness, hypocrisy, and superstition.” For the conservative aristocrat Gladstone, his rival was “the Grand Corrupter,” whose destruction he plotted “day and night, week by week, month by month.”

Aldous has written a political biography, giving us the first dual portrait of this intense and momentous rivalry. Aldous’s narrative style – by turns powerful, witty, and stirring – brings new life to the Gladstone and Disraeli story and confirms a perennial truth: in politics, everything is personal.

Comments Off on Posterity will do justice to that unprincipled maniac Gladstonean extraordinary mixture of envy, vindictiveness, hypocrisy and superstition and with one commanding characteristic.Whether Prime Minister or Leader of the Opposition, whether preaching, praying, speechifying, or scribbling never a gentleman.He is so vain that he wants to figure in history as the settler of all the great questions; but a parliamentary Constitution is not favourable to such ambitions. Things must be done by parties, not by persons using parties as tools… Benjamin Disraeli

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